Report of Database on Demographic Characteristics of
New Arrivals from the Mainland
Second Quarter of 2001

Introduction

To provide a better understanding of the profile and needs of new arrivals from the Mainland (new arrivals), the Home Affairs Bureau (HAB) and the Home Affairs Department (HAD), with the assistance of the Immigration Department (ImmD), have created a database on demographic characteristics of new arrivals based on findings of HAD's quarterly survey. The report of this database will be published on a quarterly basis in order to provide up-to-date information.

Respondents

Unless otherwise specified, 'respondents' in this report refer to new arrivals aged 11 or above and returned the HAD's questionnaires, which are completed on a voluntary basis at the Registration of Persons (Kowloon) Office.

Findings

Findings in this report are presented in percentages, except those in Table 1 which are presented in numbers. Some statistics are not available for the year 1999 as the relevant questions had not been included in the questionnaire until the first quarter of 2000.

Enquiry

Please direct any enquiries relating to the database to Statistical Officer (3) of HAD (Tel: 2835 1604, Fax: 2834 5466).

Home Affairs Bureau & Home Affairs Department

Table 1 Number of respondents

Year/Quarter 1999 2000 2001
Q2 Yearly Total Q2 Yearly Total Q2
Number of Respondents 4,644 25,972 6,091 29,858 7,832

Table 2 Age(1)


  Year/Quarter
Age Group  
1999
(%)
2000
(%)
2001
(%)
Q2 Annual average Q2 Annual average Q2
11-19 19.7 23.8 33.2 22.3 8.2
20-29 14.6 14.2 24.2 18.2 21.7
30-39 45.5 43.1 16.6 38.3 52.0
40-49 14.1 12.0 5.2 9.9 10.6
50-59 3.4 3.6 8.1 4.8 3.5
>=60 2.6 3.3 12.7 6.6 4.0

Table 3 Sex

  Year/Quarter
Sex  
1999
(%)
2000
(%)
2001
(%)
Q2 Annual average Q2 Annual average Q2
Male 15.9 22.6 27.7 24.9 21.2
Female 84.1 77.4 72.3 75.1 78.8

Table 4 Marital Status

  Year/Quarter
Marital Status  
1999
(%)
2000
(%)
2001
(%)
Q2 Annual average Q2 Annual average Q2
Never Married 22.5 29.6 41.9 28.9 16.0
Ever Married 77.5 70.4 58.1 71.1 84.0

Table 5 Number of children of respondents


  Year/Quarter
Number of children  
1999
(%)
2000
(%)
2001
(%)
Q2 Annual average Q2 Annual average Q2
0 28.0 34.1 48.1 34.4 23.7
1 22.2 20.0 20.1 26.4 37.0
2 32.2 28.6 12.5 24.6 28.5
3 11.8 11.8 10.5 9.4 7.4
4 4.1 3.9 6.0 3.6 2.3
>=5 1.7 1.6 2.9 1.6 1.0

Table 6 Purpose of coming to Hong Kong

  Year/Quarter
Purpose of coming to Hong Kong  
1999
(%)
2000
(%)
2001
(%)
Q2 Annual average Q2 Annual average Q2
Reunion with family 99.3 99.0 99.0 98.6 98.1
Others 0.7 1.0 1.0 1.4 1.9

Table 7 Place of residence on the Mainland before coming to Hong Kong

  Year/Quarter
Place of residence on the Mainland  
1999
(%)
2000
(%)
2001
(%)
Q2 Annual average Q2 Annual average Q2
Fujian Not available 1.9 2.6 5.4
Guangdong 77.9 82.7 82.3
Guangxi 1.7 1.7 1.6
Hainan 3.4 1.8 0.9
Shanghai 0.8 0.6 0.9
Yunan 0.1 0.1 0.1
Others 14.2 10.4 8.9

Table 8 District of residence in Hong Kong

  Year/Quarter
District of residence in Hong Kong  
1999
(%)
2000
(%)
2001
(%)
Q2 Annual average Q2 Annual average Q2
Central & Western 2.8 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.1
Eastern 5.6 5.9 6.0 6.0 6.8
Wan Chai 1.9 2.1 2.7 2.4 2.3
Southern 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.5 2.7
Kwun Tong 9.0 10.6 11.8 10.7 10.5
Yau Tsim Mong 7.6 8.3 9.2 8.8 8.1
Sham Shui Po 10.0 11.4 11.0 11.4 11.0
Kowloon City 6.5 6.4 6.5 6.1 5.9
Wong Tai Sin 6.5 6.9 7.3 7.3 7.7
North 6.2 5.5 5.1 5.5 5.5
Sai Kung 3.4 3.1 3.3 3.0 3.3
Sha Tin 7.1 6.3 6.2 6.1 5.7
Yuen Long 7.3 6.7 5.6 6.3 6.1
Tuen Mun 6.4 5.2 4.4 4.9 5.8
Tai Po 4.3 4.1 3.8 4.0 3.4
Tsuen Wan 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.5 3.8
Kwai Tsing 8.5 7.5 7.2 7.7 7.7
Islands 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.7

Table 9 Type of housing

  Year/Quarter
Type of housing  
1999
(%)
2000
(%)
2001
(%)
Q2 Annual average Q2 Annual average Q2
Public rental housing 47.4 46.8 50.3 48.5 47.0
Home-ownership scheme flat 4.0 3.2 4.6 5.0 6.6
Government temporary housing 1.0 0.9 0.5 0.4 0.3
Private permanent housing 39.9 43.6 37.4 38.7 40.6
Others 7.6 5.5 7.2 7.4 5.6

Table 10 Educational attainment (aged 16 and over)

  Year/Quarter
Education attainment  
1999
(%)
2000
(%)
2001
(%)
Q2 Annual average Q2 Annual average Q2
Post-secondary or above 5.7 5.5 7.6 7.0 6.6
Senior middle 19.6 21.8 24.1 25.5 25.8
Junior middle 45.7 44.4 37.9 44.5 48.3
Primary 24.1 23.2 19.4 17.8 16.5
Have never been in schooling / kindergarten 5.0 5.1 11.0 5.1 2.8

Table 11A Professional qualification obtained on the Mainland

Year/Quarter 1999
(%)
2000
(%)
2001
(%)
Q2 Annual average Q2 Annual average Q2
Respondents obtained professional qualification (Detailed breakdown in Table 11B) Not available 5.9 6.7 6.2
Respondents did not obtain professional qualification 94.1 93.3 93.8

Table 11B Type of professional qualification (2)

  Year/Quarter
Type of professional qualification  
1999
(%)
2000
(%)
2001
(%)
Q2 Annual average Q2 Annual average Q2
University degree &teacher certificate Not available 15.8 17.5 15.8
Teacher's certificate 16.9 21.8 25.3
Medical practitioner 3.9 4.2 3.3
Chinese herbalist 3.9 3.0 2.7
Nurse 8.9 8.7 9.8
Engineer 9.4 12.3 10.2
Lawyer 1.1 0.7 0.4
Accountant 20.6 14.8 14.7
Others 23.6 21.5 21.4
 

Table 12A Working experience on the Mainland

Year/Quarter 1999
(%)
2000
(%)
2001
(%)
Q2 Annual average Q2 Annual average Q2
Respondents had working experience on the Mainland (Detailed breakdown in Table 12B and 12C) 35.5 37.6 28.8 41.4 58.3
Respondents did not have working experience on the Mainland 64.5 62.4 71.2 58.6 41.7

Table 12B Type of industry in which respondents had worked on the Mainland(3)

  Year/Quarter
Type of industry  
1999
(%)
2000
(%)
2001
(%)
Q2 Annual average Q2 Annual average Q2
Manufacturing Not available 17.1 19.3 19.4
Construction 6.2 6.5 5.1
Wholesales, retail, import/export trades, restaurants & hotels 41.2 35.7 35.0
Transport, storage & communications 10.2 9.1 8.8
Financing, insurance, real estate & business services 7.1 5.5 4.3
Community, social & personal services 5.5 4.6 3.6
Teaching or teaching-related services 5.3 5.4 4.1
Others 22.7 24.6 30.5

Table 12C Type of occupation of the respondents on the Mainland(4)

  Year/Quarter
Type of occupation  
1999
(%)
2000
(%)
2001
(%)
Q2 Annual average Q2 Annual average Q2
Managers & administrators 8.2 7.0 9.5 7.6 6.3
Professionals 10.8 11.5 10.3 9.2 5.8
Associate professionals 1.6 1.8 2.4 1.7 1.4
Clerks 17.5 14.6 16.9 13.3 12.5
Service workers & shop sales workers 32.4 29.4 34.7 30.4 31.1
Crafts & related workers 3.5 3.5 2.6 3.4 2.8
Plants & machine operators & assemblers 5.8 8.1 5.0 5.4 4.1
Elementary occupations 25.1 25.8 6.3 8.8 9.9
Secondary school teacher Not available 1.1 1.3 0.9
Primary school teacher 2.3 2.5 2.0
Fisherman/Farmer 5.8 7.5 18.7
Others 14.1 18.4 17.1 22.2 13.6

Table 13A Intention to work in Hong Kong

Year/Quarter 1999
(%)
2000
(%)
2001
(%)
Q2 Annual average Q2 Annual average Q2
Respondents intended to workin Hong Kong (Detailed breakdown in table 13B) 42.8 57.1 46.7 51.2 61.6
Respondents did not intend to work in Hong Kong 57.2 42.9 53.3 48.8 38.4

Table 13B Type of Industry in which respondents intended to work in Hong Kong (5)

  Year/Quarter
Type of Industry  
1999
(%)
2000
(%)
2001
(%)
Q2 Annual average Q2 Annual average Q2
Manufacturing 11.8 22.4 8.9 12.2 11.4
Construction 6.5 10.3 8.6 9.1 8.2
Wholesales, retail, import/export trades, restaurants & hotels 54.2 39.2 39.4 42.6 45.9
Transport, storage & communications 4.5 5.7 9.1 9.2 9.7
Financing, insurance, real estate & business services 10.4 9.1 12.0 8.2 6.3
Community, social & personal services 24.0 21.6 11.5 10.2 9.3
Teaching or teaching-related services Not available 6.5 5.1 3.8
Others 16.9 21.0 32.3 30.6 32.3

Table 14 Monthly family income

  Year/Quarter
Monthly family income  
1999
(%)
2000
(%)
2001
(%)
Q2 Annual average Q2 Annual average Q2
Less than $3000 12.2 15.0 18.3 18.4 20.0
$3000 - $4999 8.0 10.1 11.5 11.6 11.5
$5000 - $6999 17.7 19.2 19.4 19.4 18.7
$7000 - $8999 23.1 22.5 20.5 19.7 18.2
$9000 - $10999 20.1 16.6 13.8 14.5 14.8
$11000 - $12999 8.4 7.9 6.7 7.2 7.0
$13000 - $14999 3.8 3.7 3.3 3.5 3.5
$15000 or above 6.3 4.8 6.5 5.7 6.3
Not known 0.4 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0

Table 15 Source of family income

  Year/Quarter
Source offamily income  
1999
(%)
2000
(%)
2001
(%)
Q2 Annual average Q2 Annual average Q2
Wages 75.0 73.7 74.5 73.6 70.8
Government's assistance 10.5 11.5 12.5 12.4 11.5
Relative's assistance 5.9 7.3 7.0 8.9 13.6
Others 8.7 7.4 6.0 5.1 4.1

Table 16 Confidence in integrating into the Hong Kong community

Year/Quarter 1999
(%)
2000
(%)
2001
(%)
Q2 Annual average Q2 Annual average Q2
Respondents had confidence in integrating into Hong Kong community 99.5 99.2 98.4 98.4 98.2
Respondents did not have confidence in integrating into Hong Kong community 0.5 0.8 1.6 1.6 1.8

Table 17A Difficulties in adapting to the way of life in Hong Kong

Year/Quarter 1999
(%)
2000
(%)
2001
(%)
Q2 Annual average Q2 Annual average Q2
Respondents had difficulties in adaptation (Detailed breakdown in table 17B) 66.6 67.7 66.0 65.8 76.2
Respondents did not have difficulties in adaptation 33.4 32.3 34.0 34.2 23.8

Table 17B Difficulties anticipated by respondents in adapting to the way of life in Hong Kong

  Year/Quarter
Anticipated Difficulties  
1999
(%)
2000
(%)
2001
(%)
Q2 Annual average Q2 Annual average Q2
Languages 20.1 20.3 22.7 16.9 13.6
Living habits 25.5 23.5 22.8 19.3 16.3
Living environment 48.1 49.8 52.4 53.0 44.4
Education system 16.8 17.5 24.1 20.0 14.2
Family finance 31.1 30.6 29.7 32.7 28.4
Work 46.5 46.0 27.3 32.0 51.0
Others 1.6 1.1 0.9 0.9 9.6

Table 18A Supporting services needed by respondents

Year/Quarter 1999
(%)
2000
(%)
2001
(%)
Q2 Annual average Q2 Annual average Q2
Respondents wished for supporting services (Detailed breakdown in table 18B) 75.6 76.3 76.8 77.1 82.4
Respondents did not wish for supporting services 24.4 23.7 23.2 22.9 17.6

Table 18B Type of supporting services

  Year/Quarter
Type of supporting services  
1999
(%)
2000
(%)
2001
(%)
Q2 Annual average Q2 Annual average Q2
Applying for public housing 57.4 60.1 53.0 52.0 43.9
Government financial assistance 27.2 25.7 23.3 19.1 11.6
Enrolment in school 19.1 16.6 19.8 13.3 9.7
Cantonese course 8.8 7.4 8.0 5.8 5.5
English course 29.2 29.0 36.8 31.4 25.6
Help to find a job 29.7 30.0 30.6 40.5 55.8
Career training 16.6 16.0 18.9 21.6 34.6
Medical treatment 11.0 10.1 7.5 7.2 11.1
Infant nursery 5.1 4.0 3.2 3.5 4.5
Family services 3.7 3.4 2.2 2.2 2.9
Others 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.4 0.4

The age of respondents when they completed the questionnaire

(1)The age of respondents when they completed the questionnaire.
(2)Respondents could make more than one choice
(3)Respondents could make more than one choice.
(4)Respondents could make more than one choice.
(5)Respondents could make more than one choice.
(6)Respondents could make more than one choice.
(7)Respondents could make more than one choice.